Monday, February 20, 2012

Design of Deep Foundation

These technical instructions (TI) provide design and construction criteria and apply to all U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) commands having military construction responsibilities. TI will be used for all Army projects and for projects executed for other military services or work for other customers where appropriate. TI are living documents and will be periodically reviewed, updated, and made  available to users as part of the HQUSACE responsibility for technical criteria and policy for new military construction. CEMP-ET is responsible for administration of the TI system; technical content of TI is the responsibility of the HQUSACE element of the discipline involved. Recommended changes to TI, with rationale for the changes, should be sent to HQUSACE, ATTN: CEMP-ET, 20 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20314-1000.

TI are effective upon issuance. TI are distributed only in electronic media through the TECHINFO Internet site and the Construction Criteria Base (CCB) system maintained by the National Institute of Building Sciences at Internet site Hard copies of these instructions produced by the user from the electronic media should be checked against the current electronic version prior to use to assure that the latest instructions are used.

Tuesday, August 3, 2010


This book is an encapsulation of a myriad of topics of interest to engineers working in the structural analysis, design, and rehabilitation fields. It is a comprehensive reference work and resource book written for advanced students and practicing engineers who wish to review standard practices as well as to keep abreast of new techniques and practices in the field of structural engineering. The Handbook stresses professional applications and includes materials that are presented in an easy-to-read and ready-to-use form. It contains many formulas, tables, and charts that give immediate answers to questions arising from practical work. The book covers not only traditional but also novel and innovative approaches to analysis, design, and rehabilitation problems.

Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures

Concrete’s versatility, durability, and economy have made it the world’s most used construction material. The United States uses about 260 million cubic meters (340 million cubic yards) of ready mixed concrete each year. It is used in highways, streets, parking lots, parking garages, bridges, high-rise buildings, dams, homes, floors, sidewalks, driveways, and numerous other applications.
Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures has been the cement and concrete industry’s primary reference on concrete technology for over 75 years. Since the first edition was published in the early 1920s, the U.S. version has been updated 14 times to reflect advances in concrete technology and to meet the growing needs of architects, engineers, builders, concrete producers, concrete technologists, instructors, and students.

BS 476:Fire tests on building materials and structures

  • Part 3: Classification and method of test for external fire exposure to roofs
  • Part 4: Non-combustibility test for materials
  • Part 6: Method of test for fire propagation for products-1981
  • Part 6: Method of test for fire propagation for products-1989
  • Part 7. Method of test to determine the classification of the surface spread of flame of products
  • Part 10: Guide to the principles and application of fire testing
  • Part 11: Method for assessing the heatemission from building materials
  • Part 12: Method of test for ignitability of products by direct flame impingement
  • Part 13: Method of measuring the ignitability of products subjected to thermal irradiance —[ISO title: Fire tests — Reaction to fire — Ignitability of building products]
  • Part 15: Method for measuring the rate of heat release of products
  • Part 20: Method for determination of the fire resistance of elements of construction (general principles)
  • Part 21: Methods for determination of the fire resistance of loadbearing elements of construction
  • Part 22: Methods for determination of the fire resistance of non-loadbearing elements of construction
  • Part 23: Methods for determination of the contribution of components to the fire resistance of a structure
  • Part 24: Method for determination of the fire resistance of ventilation ducts — [ISO title: Fire resistance tests — Ventilation ducts]
  • Part 31: Methods for measuring smoke penetration through doorsets and shutter assemblies — Section 31.1 Method of measurement under ambient temperature conditions

BS5268:Structural use of Timber


  • Part 2: Code of practice for permissible stress design, materials and workmanship
  • Part 3: Code of practice for trussed rafter roofs
  • Part 4: Fire resistance of timber structures —
Section 4.1: Recommendations for calculating fire resistance of timber members
Section 4.2: Recommendations for calculating fire resistance of timber stud walls and joisted floor construction
  • Part 5: Code of practice for the preservative treatment of structural timber
  • Part 6: Code of practice for timber frame walls —
Section 6.1 Dwellings not exceeding four storeys
Section 6.2: Buildings other than dwellings not exceeding four storeys
  • Part 7: Recommendations for the calculation basis for span tables —
Section 7.1 Domestic floor joists
Section 7.2 Joists for flat roofs
Section 7.3: Ceiling joists
Section 7.4 Ceiling binders
Section 7.5 Domestic rafters
Section 7.6 Purlins supporting rafters
Section 7.7 Purlins supporting sheeting or decking


BS 8004:Code of practice for Foundations — (Formerly CP 2004)

This British Standard code of practice gives
recommendations for the design and construction of

foundations for the normal range of buildings and
engineering structures.

Section two covers the general principles of design;
sections three, four, five and seven are concerned

with more detailed considerations of the design and
installation of the main types of foundations.
Sections six, eight and nine relate to site operations
and construction processes involved in foundation
engineering and section ten describes the factors
affecting the durability of the various materials
used in foundation structures. Section eleven covers
safety precautions. The standard does not cover
foundations for special structures.


This publication has been produced under the Reinforced Concrete Council’s project, ‘Spreadsheets for concrete design to BS 8110 and EC2’. It provides:
· A User Guide for the spreadsheets produced under the above project
· Examples of current commercial reinforced concrete design
· A consensus of current commercial reinforced concrete design practice
· A consensus of opinion concerning reinforced concrete design to EC2.
The spreadsheets are intended to follow normal design practice and cater for the design of low- to medium-rise multi-storey concrete framed buildings.